FROM COMPETITIVENESS TO SUSTAINABILITY: IS THE INNOVATIVENESS THE ANSWER?

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Zlatko Lagumdzija
Amra Kapo
Lejla Turulja

Abstract

We live in a rapidly changing global society, where no one can predict the outcome of the economic, social, and political structures of the world. Changes in science, technology, and economics are particularly noticeable and are closely linked to human life. These changes create new opportunities but also challenges in new areas of everyday activity in order to achieve sustainable development. For countries to compete with each other, they must be creative and innovative in all fields to cope with domestic, national, and global issues. Current economic competitiveness is based on the capabilities of a country and their respective companies to be and stay innovative. This is the main reason why many governments place innovativeness at the center of their growth strategies so that they can foster economic progress and global competitiveness in general. The recognition and need for identification of innovation as a driver of change are evident on a company level as well. This study will use secondary data collected this year from the World Economic Forum to identify critical challenges and opportunities for B&H competitiveness. Also, the results of this research identified enabling environment and markets impact the innovation ecosystem. Practical contribution relates to concrete implications and recommendations that can be used for the improvement of Bosnia and Herzegovina innovativeness.

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